How Homework in America Has Changed Over The Year

Homework: The mere mention of this word can ignite fiery debates in households and schools alike.

There is too much homework!

There isn’t enough homework! 

This is meaningless homework! 

Over the past three decades, homework, a staple of the American public school system, has changed. The evolution comes from shifting pedagogy, the art and science of teaching and the rise of technology.

Homework has gone from practice worksheets, memorization and repetition to more online work, in-class collaborations and student-led projects. As parents, navigating this new age of schooling can feel overwhelming and unfamiliar from what they knew as students themselves 

Still, yet another big homework shakeup is in the works. 

Enter Artificial Intelligence. AI is redefining everything that we thought we knew about work, including schoolwork.

Today’s assignments often involve AI-driven educational platforms that adapt to individual learning styles. However, a new digital divide will come from a lack of understanding how AI can enhance learning and how to best integrate it into our children’s learning routines to complement a well-rounded education.

Here are some quick tips to incorporate AI into your child’s learning routines:

Understand the basics of AI

Educate yourself about what artificial intelligence is and how it can assist in education. Keep up to date with the latest developments in AI in education through reputable sources and news articles. 

Select reliable AI tools

Research and choose AI-powered educational tools and platforms that align with your child’s needs and curriculum. Get familiar with Khan Academy’s Khanmigo and other tools, including ChatGPT and Duolingo. 

Privacy and security

Ensure that the AI tools you select are suitable for your child’s age and grade level. To prioritize your child’s privacy and security when using AI tools, read the privacy policies and terms of service carefully.

Supervise and monitor

Regularly monitor your child’s usage of AI tools to ensure they are using them effectively and not becoming overly reliant on them. Encourage a balanced approach to homework where AI is used as a resource, but your child also learns independently.

Time management

Teach your child effective time management skills to prevent over-reliance on AI tools.

Stay flexible

Be open to adapting your approach as your child’s educational needs change and as AI technology evolves.

Homework Through the Years

A glimpse into the historical evolution of homework offers a unique vantage point from which parents can, not only appreciate its current form, but also adapt how to participate in a child’s educational journey.

The 1990s

The Era of Traditional Homework

Homework was predominantly about practice and repetition. Following Bloom’s Taxonomy, the focus was on knowledge acquisition and comprehension. 

Assignments typically involved reading from textbooks, completing worksheets and writing essays by hand at home. This idea was rooted in the belief that repeated practice was the key to mastering content. 

The problem: It overlooked diverse learning styles and needs. Even more worrying, resources, like parental support, for some were limited and for others plentiful. 

Late 1990s, early 2000s

The Digital Revolution: A New Era in Homework

The time period marked the very beginning of technology becoming part of the educational landscape. Entering the arena with its cheerful chorus of AOL’s “You’ve Got Mail!” was the internet along with personal home computers.

Online encyclopedias, educational websites and digital libraries began to change how students accessed information and completed their homework.

The problem: The “digital divide” became apparent. Not all students had equal access to technology, creating a huge gap in educational opportunities. Educators had to rethink what schooling looked like again.


Personalized and Tech-Integrated Homework

Today, technology plays a central role in a child’s education. Online platforms, educational apps and interactive assignments have become standard. 

Some powerful tools, like Khan Academy or IXL, not only make homework more engaging, but they also allow for tailored learning experiences that can meet students where they are.

The benefit: The shift to digital homework facilitates immediate feedback and fosters collaborative learning environments. Students can work on projects in virtual groups, share ideas on discussion forums and access a wide array of multimedia resources to enhance their understanding of concepts.

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Steffy McCourt
Steffy McCourt
Steffy McCourt brings over 15 years of experience in education, parenting, and travel writing for esteemed publications like We Are Teachers and LA Family Travel. Recognized for her commitment to advancing literacy and writing skills, Steffy is honored to be a Fellow of the National Writing Project. She collaborates with educators nationwide to enhance teaching practices and empower student writers.


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