• Cover up. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends
dressing infants in lightweight long pants, long-sleeved shirts and
brimmed hats to avoid sunburn.
• Stay in the shade and limit sun exposure between 10 a.m.
and 3 p.m.
• The AAP discourages use of sunscreen for babies less than
6 months old. However, if clothing and shade are not available,
apply a minimal amount of sunscreen with at least 15 SPF to small
areas, such as the face and back of hands, at least 30 minutes
before going outside.
• If an infant gets sunburn, apply cold compresses.
• Avoid using scented soaps and bright colors or flowery
• Dress baby in long pants and sleeves and use mosquito
netting over infant carriers.
• Insect repellents containing DEET (safe concentrations of
less than 30 percent) can be used on babies older than 2 months.
Apply to exposed skin or clothing, but avoid getting it under
clothing or near irritated skin. Spray your hands and rub on baby.
Oil of lemon eucalyptus and combination sunscreen/bug spray
products should not be used.
• To help with itchiness or rash from insect bite, apply
hydrocortisone 1 percent cream or topical antihistamine (such as
Benadryl). Acetaminophen can be given for discomfort.
• Call your doctor for persistent pain or itching or signs
of infection, which include redness, warmth, swelling or drainage,
Source: Pediatrician Rosalind S. Downing
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