March Madness and the Race to Nowhere

From the movie, Race To Nowhere
 
 

By Heather Earnhart

Blogger, Parent Panelist
 
Some opinions from parents

I asked a few parents to share their current thoughts - before they read this article. There answers are below. What do you think?

1. Approximately how much time does your child spend doing homework each day (in minutes)?

2. Do you think homework affects your child in a positive or negative way, and why?

3. Do you think it is appropriate to give homework over school breaks and weekends?

4. Do you think a longer school day will raise test scores?

5. How much importance do you place on test scores?

Jen Steiner, parent
Alexander Graham Bell School
Grade of child(ren): 4th and 6th
1. 10 minutes
2. Homework affects my children in a positive way because it reinforces what they have learned at school and gives them the opportunity to earn rewards from me.
3. Yes! I love working on "crafty" projects with my children during a break. It gives us something to do besides playing video games. When we are traveling over a break, I look for ways to incorporate their lessons. We have gone to pow wows, excavations, aquariums, and Civil War reenactments where I told my children they were forbidden from learning because we were there on vacation. (They are well familiar with my sarcasm!)
4. A longer day is just a longer day. However if additional time is spent learning, then test scores should rise. I am in favor of a longer school day, not to raise test scores as much as to keep my children occupied and safe in a pro-learning environment.
5. I place importance on test scores because I want to know that my children are trying to do their best work and feel they have value in evaluating both teachers and students. I fully support testing to provide guidelines for designing, evaluating, and improving teaching methods. However, I abhor when grades are based solely on test scores. And don't even get me started on when admissions are based on test scores, grades, and socio-economic tiers!

Heather Ondersma, parent
Inter-American Magnet School
Grade of child(ren): twins in Kindergarten
1. They are given one assignment every day of the week. We are supposed to keep a reading log (books that are read to them) and they are supposed to make a weekly book report. The daily assignment takes us between 5-25 minutes. However, our kids do not complete all of the homework. We keep the reading log and our kids do 1-2 assignments a week. They've done a handful of book reports during the year.
2. When we try to do homework every night, our children get stressed out, have meltdowns, express hatred for homework, etc. If homework is less frequent they have a more positive attitude.
3. Researchers state that there is no positive correlation between achievement and homework for elementary school students. I agree with the educators who believe that homework should begin in middle school.
4. Perhaps a longer day will raise test scores if the added minutes are devoted to an additional recess (not just a lunch recess) or daily PE, since there is a direct link between exercise and higher test scores. Regardless, Inter-American already had a 6 1/4 hour day, which seems quite long to me for the lower grades.
5. Little. I care more that my kids are excited to go to school, are excited about learning, and are curious about the world.

Parent/teacher who does not want name used
Classical Academy
Grade of child(ren): Kindergarten
1. Approximately 45 minutes a day
2. One positive effect of homework is that it helps keep parents involved in the learning that is happening in the classroom. Also, my child's understanding is made more complete when she explains her assignments as we go over her homework. Finally, homework gives her an opportunity to develop organizational skills. However, especially in the early grades, students should have less homework, allowing for more time to rest and play.
3. In general, school breaks should be a time of little homework, allowing students and their families a chance to relax, enjoy family time, explore new interests, and come back to school refreshed. In the case of homework over the weekend, the best case scenario is probably to allow children and their families to determine the best days or times to complete homework. Weekly homework packets are particularly valuable in this regard. Given a week to complete the assignments, families can choose whether it would suit their child and their schedules best to have homework completed during the week or over the weekend (or a little bit of both).
4. I'm not sure.
5. While test scores are interesting, they are only one of many ways to measure a student's success.

Nicole B., parent
Disney Magnet
Grade of child(ren): 1st
1. 50 minutes on weekdays, 20 minutes on weekends
2. It really depends on the subject and how much was actually taught in class. If it is something that isn't learned at school it ends up being very negative.
3. No, especially when the kids understand that school staff gets a true vacation without work.
4. Maybe, if they are actually teaching the information in the classroom setting.
5. Not much, we make it about trying your best. Grades on individual assignments are more important because my student sees a direct correlation. I figure school is stressful enough, why add to it.

Laura Sullivan, parent/teacher
Peirce School of International Studies
Grade of child(ren): Kindergarten
1. 15-20 minutes of school work and 15-20 minutes of reading/discussion
2. I feel that it affects my child in a positive way because it reinforces what he has learned at school and I also get to see if he understands the concepts that have been taught. However, I know that it is important that he not feel pressured or be forced to do homework for extended or unreasonable amounts of time that would affect him negatively.
3. I do feel it is appropriate to give students homework over school breaks as long as, again, it is appropriate. As for weekends, I like that my son has a break without homework during this time and students should have breaks from homework.
4. It depends on what kind of instruction students are receiving, how the extra time is being used, and what is being taught. So my answer is no, not necessarily.
5. As a parent that works very closely with her son and his school I am well aware of his abilities or the lack-there-of and I know how to help him, and what my expectations of him are. Test scores are important, but they should not be the only indicator of a student's achievement and the last thing I would want to do to my son is put pressure on him or stress him out.

If you think March Madness is all about college basketball, then think again. Abc's, 1-2-3's, ISAT's and SAT's. March Madness is our kids embarking on the Race to Nowhere.

With the dreaded ISAT testing season upon us, and selective enrollment high school letters in the mail, I'm reminded of what I did over the winter break from school. I found myself googling "homework over school breaks?" When sorting through the search results I stumbled upon several text and video links referencing the "Race to Nowhere," a documentary produced by Vicki Abeles. I also watched several You-Tube clips of schools that have taken some form of a "no homework pledge." A wave of calm overtook me, as I realized I was not the only person in the world that thinks it just plain stinks to give a first-grader homework over a school break.

As I delved deeper into the topic, my calm was overshadowed by the dark-side of this underlying phenomenon: Teenagers with depression and eating disorders, elementary-age school children with anxiety and stress related illness, to name a few. Apparently homework over break in first grade is only the beginning of the cycle. Teachers are being told to teach to the test without regard to critical thinking, or the physical toll it can take on the kids. And students are pressured to perform, not to learn.

Even in the pre-ISAT years the children begin testing of all sorts to ensure they are comfortable with the idea of testing long before the real thing rolls around. We have ISAT rallies that rival a pumped-up crowd at the Final Four. We have quiet rules to the point where too much movement or noise could be distracting for those testing, so the whole school gets no recess, and no "extras" like gym, music, and art while testing is in progress. Our schools are teaching our kids from the start that test scores are more important to them than anything else. Period. And what about the parents? Some of us are doing the same thing by prepping and coaching our kids for their Kindergarten entrance exams, and begging that seventh grade teacher for an extra-credit project to avoid that fatal 'B' that could mean no entrance into a selective enrollment high school.

"The dark side of America's achievement culture" is a very appropriate sub-heading to the Race to Nowhere. What are we doing for our children? I think Tim Devine, the Principal of Walter Payton College Prep High School, one of the top selective enrollment high schools in Chicago, says it best in this video "Race to Nowhere Ignites Change."

"There is a balance that's achievable between the curriculum and ensuring that the students are leading healthy lives."

Even the kids at Payton can't get homework over breaks.

Have you ever wondered what the purpose of homework is? I always assumed it was proven to be a necessary reinforcement tool-though I questioned the validity of so much at such young ages. I easily found that Duke University has conducted numerous studies on the topic of homework, and the results show that while homework continues to be controversial among educators, one thing they all agree upon is that too much homework is counterproductive, and that below seventh grade there is no relation between homework and good grades. Still, many educators use the 10-minute rule. A fourth-grader gets 40 minutes; a 12th grader gets two hours. The problem is that even a 10-minute assignment can take elementary aged children 45-60 minutes to complete, and often create a scene much like you see in this hysterical social animal video clip, in which my daughter and I could have starred.

If there is no correlation with homework and good grades for kids below seventh grade, then why are elementary school kids getting homework packets? Pro-homework groups will claim it's creating good study habits for all of that future homework. Some parents think of it as proof their child is in an academically rigorous program. I think the truth is that homework is often required in lower grades because the teachers, to no fault of their own, do not have time to give individual instruction to 35 students. If you read between the lines, this means that we as parents have turned into our child's teacher whether we like it or not. This means that differentiation at school is not possible. This means there is no time for exploration, questioning and interactive learning in the school classroom. Instead, we have become homeschoolers whether we like it or not. Homework is giving our kids the instruction they're not getting at school.

The Chief of Chicago Public Schools has decided to improve our schools' test scores by lengthening the school day and the school year. The problem with this is that one size does not fit all when it comes to education. This is reflective of not just schools, but teachers and students as well. When you have children from preschool through eighth grade on one campus, it becomes even more difficult to run a school effectively. Should a 6-year-old go to school the same amount of time as a 14-year-old? Do first, second and third graders really need 30 minutes of homework per day as recommended by the Chicago Board of Education? Quantity does not equal quality, which is why many parents are fighting the extended day and calling for a compromise of "6.5 to thrive."

In Chicago, we seem to go from one extreme to another. If it goes through, we will go from one of the shortest days in the country, to one of the longest. There is no guarantee that anything will be better, only that it will be longer. This has become the sad state of our schools. As William Glasser said: "There are only two places in the world where time takes precedence over the job to be done. School and prison."

The state of our schools leaves our children fighting for an individual moment with their teacher, it leaves them deprived of daily physical exercise, it leaves them believing that good test scores equal a good life, it leaves them with no curiosity and little desire to learn. With no time for questions in class, it brings on adult size anxiety, stress levels and health problems to them at very young ages, and has them believing they are failures if they don't get high scores. It leaves them running circles in the race to nowhere.

Many kids are being rescued from this never-ending race by something I once thought to be rare and radical: homeschooling and unschooling. There is another education focused documentary called "Class Dismissed" that is currently in production. It focuses on a grass roots movement that has become quite popular among many families across America and worldwide: letting your child be educated naturally by exploring our world.

While the thought of my child not going to a school was a bit hard to swallow at first, once I really researched the idea, I can see how it makes complete sense. Imagine an individualized education plan that you can design. Stress free -with no strict schedules. Open-ended discovery. Daily exploration of the world. Integration of education and real life. Check-out this blog written by a girl that was home/unschooled. These ideas are no longer rare or radical, and their demographic is not full of religious and political conservatives. The new home/un-schoolers are just ordinary people that take the opportunity to mold their child's education to their liking. Yes, I understand it's still not for everyone, but it can work for many families.

If you're not quite ready to take the plunge into the world of homeschooling and unschooling, and want to stay in our education system, what can you do? Go to endtherace.org and sign-up to be an advocate for no homework policies in your child's school. Encourage your school to host a screening of the film. Sign the "6.5 to thrive" petition. Give your child plenty of de-stressing time at home. Fight the new law that will link test scores to teacher's performance reviews. Try to find, and successfully enroll in, a school that shares some of your ideas about education. Teach your child that scores are not equal to success. Let them know that ISATS and SATS are not what they should think about in elementary school. Focus on A-B-C's and 1-2-3's and let them be kids. Provide them with opportunities to ask questions and engage their curiosity no matter where you are, or what you are doing.

And if you are passionate, why not organize the parents at your school to show up one hour late when the extended day starts? This is not just about the teachers being over-worked and under-paid, it is about our kids being stressed and pushed away from learning, and toward performing. Or why not join parents across the country that are opting out of state standardized testing for their kids? Let's put March Madness back where it belongs-in college hoops.

A few years ago, my story would be different. But now, I have a better understanding of our public education system. And when my kids cross that finish line, I don't want to look back and wonder where their childhood has gone. Not in that sentimental parent kind of way, but in the literal way. Did they ever get to just be a kid? Did they learn and become educated through means that made them well-rounded, happy, healthy and relaxed? Are they comfortable in this world that surrounds us because it has been their classroom? That's what I hope to accomplish by avoiding the Race to Nowhere.

 

Some opinions from parents

I asked a few parents to share their current thoughts - before they read this article. There answers are below. What do you think?

1. Approximately how much time does your child spend doing homework each day (in minutes)?

2. Do you think homework affects your child in a positive or negative way, and why?

3. Do you think it is appropriate to give homework over school breaks and weekends?

4. Do you think a longer school day will raise test scores?

5. How much importance do you place on test scores?

Jen Steiner, parent
Alexander Graham Bell School
Grade of child(ren): 4th and 6th
1. 10 minutes
2. Homework affects my children in a positive way because it reinforces what they have learned at school and gives them the opportunity to earn rewards from me.
3. Yes! I love working on "crafty" projects with my children during a break. It gives us something to do besides playing video games. When we are traveling over a break, I look for ways to incorporate their lessons. We have gone to pow wows, excavations, aquariums, and Civil War reenactments where I told my children they were forbidden from learning because we were there on vacation. (They are well familiar with my sarcasm!)
4. A longer day is just a longer day. However if additional time is spent learning, then test scores should rise. I am in favor of a longer school day, not to raise test scores as much as to keep my children occupied and safe in a pro-learning environment.
5. I place importance on test scores because I want to know that my children are trying to do their best work and feel they have value in evaluating both teachers and students. I fully support testing to provide guidelines for designing, evaluating, and improving teaching methods. However, I abhor when grades are based solely on test scores. And don't even get me started on when admissions are based on test scores, grades, and socio-economic tiers!

Heather Ondersma, parent
Inter-American Magnet School
Grade of child(ren): twins in Kindergarten
1. They are given one assignment every day of the week. We are supposed to keep a reading log (books that are read to them) and they are supposed to make a weekly book report. The daily assignment takes us between 5-25 minutes. However, our kids do not complete all of the homework. We keep the reading log and our kids do 1-2 assignments a week. They've done a handful of book reports during the year.
2. When we try to do homework every night, our children get stressed out, have meltdowns, express hatred for homework, etc. If homework is less frequent they have a more positive attitude.
3. Researchers state that there is no positive correlation between achievement and homework for elementary school students. I agree with the educators who believe that homework should begin in middle school.
4. Perhaps a longer day will raise test scores if the added minutes are devoted to an additional recess (not just a lunch recess) or daily PE, since there is a direct link between exercise and higher test scores. Regardless, Inter-American already had a 6 1/4 hour day, which seems quite long to me for the lower grades.
5. Little. I care more that my kids are excited to go to school, are excited about learning, and are curious about the world.

Parent/teacher who does not want name used
Classical Academy
Grade of child(ren): Kindergarten
1. Approximately 45 minutes a day
2. One positive effect of homework is that it helps keep parents involved in the learning that is happening in the classroom. Also, my child's understanding is made more complete when she explains her assignments as we go over her homework. Finally, homework gives her an opportunity to develop organizational skills. However, especially in the early grades, students should have less homework, allowing for more time to rest and play.
3. In general, school breaks should be a time of little homework, allowing students and their families a chance to relax, enjoy family time, explore new interests, and come back to school refreshed. In the case of homework over the weekend, the best case scenario is probably to allow children and their families to determine the best days or times to complete homework. Weekly homework packets are particularly valuable in this regard. Given a week to complete the assignments, families can choose whether it would suit their child and their schedules best to have homework completed during the week or over the weekend (or a little bit of both).
4. I'm not sure.
5. While test scores are interesting, they are only one of many ways to measure a student's success.

Nicole B., parent
Disney Magnet
Grade of child(ren): 1st
1. 50 minutes on weekdays, 20 minutes on weekends
2. It really depends on the subject and how much was actually taught in class. If it is something that isn't learned at school it ends up being very negative.
3. No, especially when the kids understand that school staff gets a true vacation without work.
4. Maybe, if they are actually teaching the information in the classroom setting.
5. Not much, we make it about trying your best. Grades on individual assignments are more important because my student sees a direct correlation. I figure school is stressful enough, why add to it.

Laura Sullivan, parent/teacher
Peirce School of International Studies
Grade of child(ren): Kindergarten
1. 15-20 minutes of school work and 15-20 minutes of reading/discussion
2. I feel that it affects my child in a positive way because it reinforces what he has learned at school and I also get to see if he understands the concepts that have been taught. However, I know that it is important that he not feel pressured or be forced to do homework for extended or unreasonable amounts of time that would affect him negatively.
3. I do feel it is appropriate to give students homework over school breaks as long as, again, it is appropriate. As for weekends, I like that my son has a break without homework during this time and students should have breaks from homework.
4. It depends on what kind of instruction students are receiving, how the extra time is being used, and what is being taught. So my answer is no, not necessarily.
5. As a parent that works very closely with her son and his school I am well aware of his abilities or the lack-there-of and I know how to help him, and what my expectations of him are. Test scores are important, but they should not be the only indicator of a student's achievement and the last thing I would want to do to my son is put pressure on him or stress him out.

 
 







 
 
 
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